Dr. med. Dirk Manski



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Iatrogenic Ureteral Injury

Review literature: (Elliott and McAninch, 2006) (Preston, 2000).

Epidemiology of Iatrogenic Ureteral Injuries

The following urological operations jeopardize the ureter: ureteroscopy, retropubic prostatectomy, simple prostatectomy, transurethral resection of the prostate or bladder, pelvic or retroperitoneal lymphadenectomy. Frequent operations of other departments with risk for the ureter are hysterectomy, colon surgery and vascular surgery.

Etiology

Dissection, suture, ligature, contusion, infection, hematoma, lymphocele.

Signs and symptoms

Flank pain, abdominal pain, fever, upper urinary tract obstruction, hematuria, urinoma, ascites, peritonitis, or urine secretion via the wound or vagina.

Diagnostic Work-Up

Treatment of Iatrogenic Ureter Injury

Endoscopic Treatment

Endoscopic treatment is an option, if antegrade or retrograde placement of a ureteral stent is possible. Depending on the healing of the ureter, the ureteral stent can be withdrawn. In persisting ureteral stricture, surgical treatment is necessary.

Surgical Treatment

Indications for surgical treatment are frustrane endoscopic treatment results, urinous ascites, ureteral-vaginal fistula, and persistent ureteral stricture after endoscopic treatment. For details of the surgical procedures (e.g. ureteroureterostomy), please see section ureteral stricture.







Index: 1–9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z



References

Elliott und McAninch 2003 ELLIOTT, S. P. ; MCANINCH, J. W.:
Ureteral injuries from external violence: the 25-year experience at San Francisco General Hospital.
In: J Urol
170 (2003), Nr. 4 Pt 1, S. 1213–6

Elliott, S. P. & McAninch, J. W.
Ureteral injuries: external and iatrogenic
Urol Clin North Am, 2006, 33, 55-66, vi


Preston PRESTON, J. M.:
Iatrogenic ureteric injury: common medicolegal pitfalls.
In: BJU Int
86 (2000), Nr. 3, S. 313–7


  Deutsche Version: Traumatische und iatrogene Verletzung des Harnleiters