Dr. med. Dirk Manski

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Open Pyeloplasty: Anderson-Hynes Technique (Step by Step)

Indications for Pyeloplasty

Pyeloplasty is the surgical therapy for ureteropelvic junction obstruction:

Pyeloplasty is possible open-surgically and laparoscopically (see next section); open surgery is recommended if the patient has undergone previous perirenal surgery.

Contraindications for Pyeloplasty

Nonfunctioning kidney (under 20% of total renal clearance). Coagulation disorders. The other contraindications depend on the surgical risk due to the patient's comorbidity, the renal function of the contralateral kidney, and the surgical procedure's impact on the patient's quality of life.

Dismembered Pyeloplasty: Anderson-Hynes Technique

fig surgical technique of dismembered pyeloplasty
Principles of dismembered pyeloplasty (technique by Anderson and Hynes): schematic drawing of a ureteropelvic junction obstruction due to a lower pole-crossing vessel (left). Dismembered pyeloplasty with repositioning of the ureter concerning the lower pole-crossing vessel (right).

Preoperative Patient Preparation

Surgical Approach via a Flank Incision

A flank incision is the most common surgical approach to the kidney for open pyeloplasty in adults. In children, an anterior subcostal muscle-splitting approach is preferable. See also the following section for laparoscopic pyeloplasty.

The kidney is completely exposed without opening the peritoneum. Identify the proximal ureter and mark it with a vessel loop. Open the renal fascia and dissect the renal pelvis on the anterior and dorsal sides.

Steps of Anderson-Hynes Dismembered Pyeloplasty

Dismembered pyeloplasty, described by Anderson and Hynes in 1949, is the method of choice if a crossing vessel is identified as the cause of the UPJ obstruction and probably for most other indications. Traction sutures are placed at the renal pelvis. Excise the UPJ obstruction with, if necessary, excess renal pelvis (reduction pyeloplasty) (reduction pyeloplasty). The ureter is spatulated along the lateral wall (2–3 cm) [fig. dismembered pyeloplasty]. The ureter is repositioned concerning the crossing vessel, resulting in an anastomosis ventral of the crossing vessels.

The anastomosis between the ureter and renal pelvis is done with fine PDS or Vicryl sutures (4-0, in children even finer). First, the cranial part of the opened renal pelvis is closed with a running suture. The caudal part of the renal pelvis (2–3 cm) is left open for the anastomosis with the ureter. The ureter is anastomosed with either a running or interrupted suture to the caudal portion of the renal pelvis. Before the last sutures are done, the position of the ureteral stent is controlled.

Spiral flap pyeloplasty:

The Culp-De Weerd technique is an option in recurrent surgery with a large ectatic renal pelvis [fig. spiral flap pyeloplasty]. A flap from the renal pelvis is used to bridge the UPJ stenosis or a scarred stricture until the proximal ureter.

Spiral flap pyeloplasty: a flap from the renal pelvis is used to bridge the UPJ stenosis or a scarred stricture until the proximal ureter (Culp und Deweerd, 1954).
spiral flap pyeloplasty


Drainage of the renal fossa is recommended.

Care after Pyeloplasty

General measures:

Early mobilization, thrombosis prophylaxis, respiratory therapy, laboratory tests (hemoglobin, creatinine), regular physical examination of the abdomen and incision wound.


Analgesics with a combination of NSAIDs and opioids. Peridural anesthesia facilitates postoperative pain management.

Drains and catheters:

Remove the retroperitoneal drainage if the daily drainage is well below 50 ml. The bladder catheter stays additional 1–2 days or 3–5 days in total, and the ureteral stent for 2–4 weeks.

Complications of Pyeloplasty

The success rate of renal pyeloplasty (sufficient urine drainage in the long term) is high, at over 95% for primary surgery patients. The success rate for recurrent surgery is significantly lower at 84% (Inagaki et al., 2005).

Index: 1–9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z


ANDERSON, J. C. & HYNES, W. Retrocaval ureter; a case diagnosed pre-operatively and treated successfully by a plastic operation.
Br J Urol, 1949, 21, 209–214

Culp, O. S. & Deweerd, J. H. A pelvic flap operation for certain types of ureteropelvic obstruction; observations after two years' experience.
J Urol, 1954, 71, 523-529

J. A. Smith, S. S. Howards, G. M. Preminger, and R. R. Dmochowski, Hinman’s Atlas of Urologic Surgery Revised Reprint. Elsevier, 2019.

C. Radmayr, G. Bogaert, H. S. Dogan, and S. Tekgül, “EAU Guidelines: Paediatric Urology.” [Online]. Available: https://uroweb.org/guidelines/paediatric-urology/

  Deutsche Version: Technik der offen-chirurgischen Nierenbeckenplastik