Dr. med. Dirk Manski

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Fosfomycin: Treatment of Urinary Tract Infections

Mechanism of Action of Fosfomycin

Fosfomycin is a derivative of phosphonic acid and acts by inhibiting the bactericidal cell wall synthesis. Fosfomycin can be administered orally with a single megadose. The substance constitutes a separate pharmacological class of antibiotics.

Indications for Fosfomycin

Side Effects of Fosfomycin

Fosfomycin is generally well tolerated. Rarely: rashes, acute hypersensitivity reactions, vomiting, anorexia, diarrhea, liver enzyme elevation, headache, dizziness, fatigue.

Contraindications of fosfomycin:

Dosage of Fosfomycin

Fosfomycin is given in single oral dose of 3 g to treat uncomplicated urinary tract infection (Patel et al., 1997) (Stein, 1998).

Trade names of Fosfomycin:

Infectofos, Monuril, Monurol.

Index: 1–9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z


Patel u.a. 1997 PATEL, S. S. ; BALFOUR, J. A. ; BRYSON, H. M.: Fosfomycin tromethamine. A review of its antibacterial activity, pharmacokinetic properties and therapeutic efficacy as a single-dose oral treatment for acute uncomplicated lower urinary tract infections.
In: Drugs
53 (1997), Nr. 4, S. 637–56

Simon und Stille 1997 SIMON, C. ; STILLE, W.: Antibiotika-Therapie in Klinik und Praxis.
9. Auflage.
Stuttgart New York : Schattauer, 1997

Stein 1998 STEIN, G. E.: Single-dose treatment of acute cystitis with fosfomycin tromethamine.
In: Ann Pharmacother
32 (1998), Nr. 2, S. 215–9

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