Review literature: (Brown et al, 1999) (CDC Guidelines, 2006) (Roest and van der Meijden, 2001) (Schneede et al, 2003).
Definition of Chancroid
Sexually transmitted disease caused by Haemophilus ducreyi infection leading to genital ulcers (ulcus molle, soft chancre) and painful lymphadenopathy (bubo).
Epidemiology of Chancroid
Chancroid occurs especially in tropical countries. Very rare in Europe or North America.
Pathogen of Chancroid:
Haemophilus ducreyi: immobile gram-negative bacteria, oval cocci arranged in a chain.
Signs and Symptoms
Chancroid leads to one or more deep purulent genital ulcer. The ulcers are very painful and 2–20 mm in diameter. Genital lymphedema is possible.
Painful tender groin lumps (bubo) is typical for chancroid in combination with a painful genital ulcer. A suppurative lymphadenopathy (abscess formation and drainage over the inguinal skin) is pathognomonic for chancroid [fig. chancroid with genital ulcer and suppurative adenopathy].
fig. chancroid with genital ulcer and suppurative adenopathy: Figure from Dr. Pirozzi, Public Health Image Library, Center for Disease Control and Prevention, USA, www.cdc.gov.
Diagnosis of Chancroid
Microscopic detection of pathogens from the depths of the genital ulcer is possible. The Gram stain shows gram-negative cocci in chain formation [fig. Microscopy: Haemophilus ducreyi]. Diagnosis can be achieved with a selective culture. The investigation of sexual partners and testing for other STD is necessary.
Microscopy of Haemophilus ducreyi stained using Gentian violet. Fig. from Public Health Image Library, Center for Disease Control and Prevention, USA, www.cdc.gov.
Treatment of Chancroid
Recommended antibiotic treatment of Chancroid:
Resistance to antibiotic treatment is possible. Symptomatic improvement is expected within three days, objective ulcer healing within 7 days of antibiotic treatment. Fluctuating lymph nodes and abscess formations should be incised and drained (alternatively needle aspiration).
Index: 1–9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
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Brown u.a. 1999 BROWN, T. J. ; YEN-MOORE, A. ;
TYRING, S. K.:
- An overview of sexually transmitted diseases. Part I.
In: J Am Acad Dermatol
41 (1999), Nr. 4, S. 511–32
Center for Disease Control and Prevention.:
- Sexually transmitted diseases treatment guidelines 2006.
2006; 55 (No. RR-11): 1–93.
Roest und van der Meijden 2001 ROEST, R. W. ;
MEIJDEN, W. I. van der:
- European guideline for the management of tropical genito-ulcerative
In: Int J STD AIDS
12 Suppl 3 (2001), S. 78–83
Schneede u.a. 2003 SCHNEEDE, P. ; TENKE, P. ;
HOFSTETTER, A. G.:
- Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs)-a synoptic overview for
In: Eur Urol
44 (2003), Nr. 1, S. 1–7