Dr. med. Dirk Manski

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Ciprofloxacin: Side Effects, Contraindications and Dosage

Review literature: (Auque et al., 2002) (Henry et al., 2002 ) (Krčméry and Naber, 1999) (Talan et al., 2004) (Simon und Stille, 1997).

Mechanism of Action of Ciprofloxacin

Ciprofloxacin is a fluoroquinolone antibiotic, which interferes with the bacterial DNA synthesis via inhibition of the DNA gyrase or topoisomerase II. Fluoroquinolone antibiotics are bactericidal.

Indications for Ciprofloxacin

Ciprofloxacin is active against a variety of bacteria:

Urologic indications for ciprofloxacin are urinary tract infection (increasing resistance), prostatitis, acute pyelonephritis, epididymitis.

Pharmacokinetics of Ciprofloxacin

Side Effects of Ciprofloxacin

Interactions with Ciprofloxacin:

Do not give iron salts or magnesium or aluminum-containing antacids together with ciprofloxacin. Increasing concentrations of theophylline or methotrexate during treatment with ciprofloxacin. Increases creatinine if given in combination with cyclosporine. Increases warfarin or glibenclamid effect.

Contraindications to Ciprofloxacin

Dosage of Ciprofloxacin

Dosage depends on the severity of the infection and renal function:

Index: 1–9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z


Auquer u.a. 2002 AUQUER, F. ; CORDON, F. ; GORINA, E. ; CABALLERO, J. C. ; ADALID, C. ; BATLLE, J.: Single-dose ciprofloxacin versus 3 days of norfloxacin in uncomplicated urinary tract infections in women.
In: Clin Microbiol Infect
8 (2002), Nr. 1, S. 50–4

Henry u.a. 2002 HENRY, Jr. ; BETTIS, R. B. ; RIFFER, E. ; HAVERSTOCK, D. C. ; KOWALSKY, S. F. ; MANNING, K. ; HAMED, K. A. ; CHURCH, D. A.: Comparison of once-daily extended-release ciprofloxacin and conventional twice-daily ciprofloxacin for the treatment of uncomplicated urinary tract infection in women.
In: Clin Ther
24 (2002), Nr. 12, S. 2088–104

Krcmery und Naber 1999 KRCMERY, S. ; NABER, K. G.: Ciprofloxacin once versus twice daily in the treatment of complicated urinary tract infections. German Ciprofloxacin UTI Study Group.
In: Int J Antimicrob Agents
11 (1999), Nr. 2, S. 133–8

Martin u.a. 1998 MARTIN, S. J. ; MEYER, J. M. ; CHUCK, S. K. ; JUNG, R. ; MESSICK, C. R. ; PENDLAND, S. L.: Levofloxacin and sparfloxacin: new quinolone antibiotics.
In: Ann Pharmacother
32 (1998), Nr. 3, S. 320–36

Mombelli u.a. 1999 MOMBELLI, G. ; PEZZOLI, R. ; PINOJA-LUTZ, G. ; MONOTTI, R. ; MARONE, C. ; FRANCIOLLI, M.: Oral vs. intravenous ciprofloxacin in the initial empirical management of severe pyelonephritis or complicated urinary tract infections: a prospective randomized clinical trial.
In: Arch Intern Med
159 (1999), Nr. 1, S. 53–8

Naber u.a. 1999 NABER, K. G. ; THEURETZBACHER, U. ; MONEVA-KOUCHEVA, G. ; STASS, H.: Urinary excretion and bactericidal activity of intravenous ciprofloxacin compared with oral ciprofloxacin.
In: Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis
18 (1999), Nr. 11, S. 783–9

Raz u.a. 2000 RAZ, R. ; NABER, K. G. ; RAIZENBERG, C. ; ROHANA, Y. ; UNAMBA-OPARAH, I. ; KORFMAN, G. ; YANIV, I.: Ciprofloxacin 250 mg twice daily versus ofloxacin 200 mg twice daily in the treatment of complicated urinary tract infections in women.
In: Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis
19 (2000), Nr. 5, S. 327–31

Reid u.a. 2000 REID, G. ; POTTER, P. ; DELANEY, G. ; HSIEH, J. ; NICOSIA, S. ; HAYES, K.: Ofloxacin for the treatment of urinary tract infections and biofilms in spinal cord injury.
In: Int J Antimicrob Agents
13 (2000), Nr. 4, S. 305–7

Simon und Stille 1997 SIMON, C. ; STILLE, W.: Antibiotika-Therapie in Klinik und Praxis.
9. Auflage.
Stuttgart New York : Schattauer, 1997

Talan u.a. 2004 TALAN, D. A. ; KLIMBERG, I. W. ; NICOLLE, L. E. ; SONG, J. ; KOWALSKY, S. F. ; CHURCH, D. A.: Once daily, extended release ciprofloxacin for complicated urinary tract infections and acute uncomplicated pyelonephritis.
In: J Urol
171 (2004), Nr. 2 Pt 1, S. 734–9

  Deutsche Version: Nebenwirkungen, Kontraindikationen und Dosierung von Ciprofloxacin