Dr. med. Dirk Manski

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Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STD)

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The term “sexually transmitted infection” (STI) refers to a pathogen that causes infection through sexual contact, whereas the term “sexually transmitted disease” (STD) refers to a recognizable disease state that has developed from an infection (CDC Guidelines, 2021).

Viral Sexually Transmitted Diseases

Viral sexually transmitted diseases.
Pathogen Disease
HIV 1 or 2 (human immunodeficiency virus) AIDS (Acquired immune deficiency syndrome), severe immune deficiency caused by an HIV infection
HAV, HBV, HCB Hepatitis A, B and C can be transmitted through sexual contact.
Herpes simplex virus (HSV) Genital herpes
HPV (human papilloma viruses) Condylomata acuminata, precancerous lesions such as cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN), penile intraepithelial neoplasia (PIN) and Bowen disease. Squamous cell carcinoma such as cervical carcinoma or penile carcinoma.
Molluscum contagiosum virus (MCV) Molluscum contagiosum (molluscum warts)

Bacterial Sexually Transmitted Diseases

Bacterial sexually transmitted diseases.
Pathogen Disease
Anaerobic intestinal bacteria Bacterial vaginosis, vulvovaginitis
Calymmatobacterium granulomatis in association with Klebsiella pneumoniae. Granuloma inguinale: genital ulcerations and subcutaneous skin infection, occurring in the tropics.
Chlamydia, enterococci, streptococci, ureaplasma, mycoplasma, etc. Non-gonococcal urethritis.
Chlamydia trachomatis serotype L1–L3 Lymphogranuloma venereum: genital ulcerations and inguinal lymphadenopathy.
Intestinal bacteria (Shigella, Salmonella, etc.) Diarrhea: due to fecal-oral transmission
Haemophilus ducreyi Chancroid: Infectious disease with genital ulceration (Ulcus molle) and painful inguinal lymphadenopathy (Bubo)
Neisseria gonorrhoeae Gonorrhea: purulent urethritis
Treponema pallidum Syphilis: chronic cyclical infectious disease that progresses in three stages.

Sexually Transmitted Diseases caused by Fungal Infections

STD caused by Fungal Infections
Pathogen Disease
Candida albicans and other sprouting fungi Urogenital mycoses: Dermatitis, Balanitis, vaginitis

Sexually Transmitted Diseases caused by Eukaryotes

STD caused by eukaryotes
Pathogen Disease
Trichomonas vaginalis Urethritis, vaginitis
Phthirus pubis (pubic louse) Pediculosis pubis
Sarcoptes scabiei (scabies mite) Scabies

Index: 1–9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z


Center for Disease Control and Prevention: “Sexually Transmitted Infections (STI) Treatment Guidelines,” 2021. [Online]. Available: https://www.cdc.gov/std/treatment-guidelines/STI-Guidelines-2021.pdf

EAU Guidelines "Urological Infections,” Available: https://uroweb.org/guidelines/urological-infections/.

Treatment Guidelines of STD from IUSTI (International Union against Sexually Transmitted Infections)

RKI-Ratgeber zu Infektionskrankheiten