Dr. med. Dirk Manski

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Diagnosis and Treatment of Ureteritis Cystica

Definition of Ureteritis Cystica

Ureteritis cystica is a rare urothelial inflammatory response leading to vesicles of the ureteral mucosa [fig. ureteritis cystica].

fig. ureteroscopy: findings in ureteritis cystica
Ureteroscopic findings of ureteritis cystica: small subepithelial vesicles of the ureteral mucosa.

Etiology and Pathology

Ureteritis cystica is an inflammatory reaction of the urothelium to infection or mechanical irritation (e.g., nephrolithiasis). The reaction forms subepithelial vesicles of 1 mm to 2 cm in size (von Brunn nests). The vesicles have an epithelial lining and an inflammatory infiltrate around the cysts, filled with protein-rich liquid.

Signs and Symptoms of Ureteritis Cystica

Ureteritis cystica is usually without any complaints. Possible symptoms are hematuria, urinary obstruction with flank pain, urinary tract infection, or symptoms due to nephrolithiasis.

Diagnostic Workup

fig. retrograde pyelography of ureteritis cystica
Retrograde pyelography of a patient with ureteritis cystica: multiple, round, well-defined, small filling defects of the ureteral wall.

Treatment of Ureteritis Cystica

Ureteritis cystica requires no treatment, it will resolve after treating underlying diseases, e.g., antibiotic treatment of UTI or stone therapy. Destruction of the vesicles by ureteroscopy is an option in case of urinary obstruction.

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M. J. Poturalski, A. S. Purysko, and B. R. Herts, “Ureteritis cystica.,” J. Urol, vol. 193, no. 4, pp. 1379–1380, 2015.

  Deutsche Version: Ureteritis cystica