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Definition of a Supernumerary Kidney
A supernumerary kidney is a rare additional kidney with renal function, separate blood supply, organ capsule, and pyelocalyceal system. Next to the supernumerary kidney, there are two normal kidneys. The supernumerary kidney shares the ureter and ostium of the normal ipsilateral kidney in 50%.
Rare, in the literature exist 80 case reports (Bernik et al., 2001).
Sign and Symptoms
There are no other associated anomalies. The supernumerary kidney may cause abdominal pain, fever, tumor, or arterial hypertension.
Treatment of a Supernumerary Kidney
Treatment depends on symptoms, often nephrectomy of the supernumerary kidney.
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Index: 1–9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
ReferencesBernik u.a. 2001 BERNIK, T. R. ; RAVNIC, D. J. ; BERNIK, S. F. ; WALLACK, M. K.: Ectopic supernumerary kidney, a cause of para-aortic mass: case report and review.
In: Am Surg
67 (2001), Nr. 7, S. 657–9