Dr. med. Dirk Manski

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Cystatin C – Serum Blood Test

The protease cystatin C is a protein with 120 amino acids, which is relatively constantly produced in nucleated body cells (housekeeping gene). The elimination is done exclusively by glomerular filtration.

Standard value:

0,53–0,95 mg/l, higher concentrations in children under the age of 1.

Laboratory test method:

Immunoturbidimetry: cystatin C and specific antibodies form antigen-antibody complexes which can be optically detected by a photometer (measurement of the resulting specific turbidity).


Early diagnosis of renal dysfunction, to estimate renal clearance without the need for urine collection.

Differential Diagnosis of Elevated Cystatin C

Calculation of the Glomerular Filtration Rate (GRF)

The following formula can estimate the glomerular filtration rate with the serum concentration of cystatin C (Larsson u.a., 2004):

GFR = 77,24 × (Cystatin C in mg/l)−1,26

Index: 1–9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z


Guder, W. G. & Nolte, J. Das Laborbuch für Klinik und Praxis
Urban + Fischer, 2009

Larsson, A.; Malm, J.; Grubb, A. & Hansson, L. O. Calculation of glomerular filtration rate expressed in mL/min from plasma cystatin C values in mg/L.
Scand J Clin Lab Invest, 2004, 64, 25-30.

Siegenthaler 1988 SIEGENTHALER, W. ; SIEGENTHALER, W. (Hrsg.): Differentialdiagnose innerer Krankheiten.
Georg Thieme Verlag, Stuttgart, New York., 1988

  Deutsche Version: Cystatin C Laborwert