Dr. med. Dirk Manski

 You are here: Urology Textbook > Urologic examinations > Pelvic examination

Pelvic Examination for Urologists

The physical examination is presented as a checklist with possible (pathological) results. Special important attention is given to important findings for urologists. A complete gynecological examination is not presented.

Patient Positioning for Pelvic Examination

The pelvic examination is performed in lithotomy position. It starts with the inspection using the help of 1–2 specula. The inspection is followed by palpation and, if necessary, microbiological swabs are done. The presence of female assistance is important for forensic reasons.


Position of the meatus? Indurations? Tumor? Urine loss under Valsalva or cough?


Pattern of body hair? Cutaneous conditions: redness? Swelling? Rash? Leukoplakia or tumor?


Vaginal discharge? Cystocele or rectocele under Valsalva? Organ descensus should be quantified using ICS recommendations.


Discharge? Transformation zone with leukoplakia or tumor? Palpable induration or tumor? Bimanual palpation of the uterus and adnexa: Tumor? Cervical motion tenderness?


Hemorrhoids? Anal fissure? Sphincter tone? Blood on the glove? Rectal tumor?

Go Back

If you have deactivated JavaScript, please use the Back button of your browser.

Index: 1–9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z


  Deutsche Version: Vaginale Untersuchung