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Bartholin Cyst and Bartholinitis
The blocking of a Bartholin gland may lead to a bacterial cyst. Bacterial inflammation of the Bartholin glands or cyst produces an empyema.
Etiology of Bartholinitis
Bacterial infection with Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Chlamydia trachomatis, E. coli or Staphylococcus aureus.
Signs and Symptoms of Bartholinitis
Unilateral enlargement of the vulva with redness, pain and fever.
Therapy of Bartholinitis
Antibiotics. A large empyema must be drained by incision.
Therapy of Bartholin Cyst
Marsupialization is the surgical technique of choice. After cutting a slit into the cyst, suturing of the edges forms a continuous surface from the exterior surface of the vulva to the interior of the cyst.
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Deutsche Version: Bartholin-Zyste und Bartholinitis