Dr. med. Dirk Manski



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Anatomy of the Abdominal Cavity: Veins and Lymphatic System (4/4)

Major Veins of the Abdominal Cavity

Vena cava inferior

The inferior vena cava leads the blood from the lower half of the body to the right atrium. The following veins drain into the inferior vena cava (from caudal to cranial) [fig. abdominal vein system]:

figure veins of the abdominal cavity

Veins of the abdominal and thoracic cavity: V. jugularis interna (1), V. jugularis externa (2), V. subclavia (3), V. thoracica interna (4), V. cava superior (5), V. hemiazygos (6), V. azygos (7), V. cava inferior (8), V. intercostalis (9), V. suprarenalis (10), V. renalis (11), V. testicularis/ovarica (12), V. iliaca externa (13). Fig from Gray’s Anatomy, Lea and Febinger 1918, Philadelphia, USA.

Lymphatic System in the Abdominal Cavity


figure lymph system of the abdominal cavity

Lymph system of the abdominal cavity: Ductus lymphaticus dexter (1), Truncus jugularis sinister (2), Truncus subclavius sinister (3), Ductus thoracicus (4), V. azygos (5), V. hemiazygos (6), paravertebrale Lymphknoten (7), Cisterna chyli (8), Nodi lymphatici lumbales (9). Figure from Gray’s Anatomy, Lea and Febinger 1918, Philadelphia, USA.

Regional Lymph Node Groups of the Abdominal Cavity


Lymphatic Vessels of the Abdominal Cavity

The right and left lumbar lymph trunk drains the lumbar lymph nodes into the cysterna chyli. The preaortic lymph nodes drain via the intestinal trunk into the cysterna cyli. The cysterna chyli is located on the aorta at the level of the diaphragma. The lymph fluid from the cysterna chyli drains via the ductus thoracicus through the thoracic cavity into the junction of left subclavian vein and internal jugular vein [fig. lymphatic vessels].









Index: 1–9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z





References

Benninghoff 1993 BENNINGHOFF, A.:
Makroskopische Anatomie, Embryologie und Histologie des Menschen.
15. Auflage.
München; Wien; Baltimore : Urban und Schwarzenberg, 1993


  Deutsche Version: Anatomie Abdomen: Venen