Sex-Hormone Binding Globulin (SHBG)
SHGB is the transport protein of testosterone and estradiol in the serum, the tight binding of the hormone to the transport protein prevents the biological activity. SHBG is produced in the liver and in the genitals. The concentration of SHBG depends on several factors:
- SHBG lowering factors: androgens, hypothyroidism, obesity, steroid therapy.
- SHBG raising factors: age, estrogen, testosterone deficiency, hyperthyroidism, alcoholism, liver disease or several drugs.
Depending on age and laboratory 15–60 nmol/l.
Laboratory test method:
SHBG helps to further assess hypogonadism in near-normal low testosterone concentrations. The concentration of SHBG enables the calculation of free testosterone with the concentration of testosterone and albumin (Vermeuten et al, 1999) or the calculation of the free androgen index (FAI).
Free androgen index (FAI):
After the measurement of SHBG and total testosterone, a statement about the bioactive testosterone can be made with the following formula:
FAI = ( Testosterone (nmol/l) × 100 ) \ SHBG (nmol/l)
The standard value of FAI for men is between 30 and 150 depending on age and laboratory. Values below 30 indicate hypogonadism. The free androgen index is considered less reliable than the calculated free testosterone.
Index: 1–9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
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