Dr. med. Dirk Manski



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Internal Urethrotomy

Review literature: (Pansadoro and Emiliozzi, 1998).

Indications for Internal Urethrotomy

Internal urethrotomy is the first therapeutic option to treat short urethral strictures without pronounced scarring.

Contraindications to internal urethrotomy

Surgical Technique of Internal Urethrotomy

Perioperative antibiotic prophylaxis

Internal urethrotomy should be done with sterile urine, any infection should treated with a full course of antibiotics. A perioperative antibiotic prophylaxis is often given, randomized studies for internal urethrotomy are missing. Dosage is e.g. ciprofloxacin 500 mg p.o. 1-0-1 (for one day). Patients with risk factors for a urinary tract infection benefit especially from an antibiotic prophylaxis. A perioperative antibiotic prophylaxis may reduce postoperative urinary tract infections, fever and may reduce the likelihood for recurrent urethral strictures.

Preoperative Preparations

The patient is placed in lithotomy position. Disinfect the the external genitalia, the lower abdomen and the perineum and sterile draping. Spinal anesthesia or general anesthesia is needed for internal urethrotomy.

Direct-Vision Internal Urethrotomy

Direct-vision urethrotomy is the transurethral incision of the stricture under direct vision at 12 clock. The internal urethrotomy by Sachse uses a cold knife [fig. internal urethrotomy]. Alternatively, the stricture can be cut using a laser fiber (Nd:YAG or holmium). The incision of the urethral stricture should reach healthy tissue to minimize recurrent contraction of the scar.


Internal urethrotomy: direct vision of the stricture (left). After direct vision urethrotomy, the external sphincter can be seen in the distance (right).
fig. internal urethrotomy

Blind Internal Urethrotomy (Otis)

An Otis urethrotomy is the blind transurethral incision of the urethra by an Otis urethrotome. After insertion of the Otis urethrotome, the urethra is dilated to the desired width and a blade cuts the stretched urethra at the 12 o'clock position.

The Otis urethrotomy is reserved for the palliative treatment of long-segment strictures of the male urethra or to treat proximal narrowing of the female urethra. Otis urethrotomy is also performed before the use of old resectoscopes (> 26 CH) in a narrow urethra to prevent ischemic damage. With modern 24 CH resectoscopes, this is rarely necessary.

Postoperative Management after Internal Urethrotomy

Complications of Internal Urethrotomy







Index: 1–9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z



References

Pansadoro und Emiliozzi 1998 PANSADORO, V. ; EMILIOZZI, P.:
Die Urethrotomia interna.
In: Urologe A
37 (1998), S. 21–24


  Deutsche Version: Urethrotomia interna