Dr. med. Dirk Manski



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Acute Bacterial Prostatitis

Review literature: (Benway and Moon, 2008).

Definition of Acute Prostatitis

Acute bacterial prostatitis is characterized by sudden fever, perineal and suprapubic pain and voiding symptoms. The urine analysis reveals a urinary tract infection.

Etiology of Acute Prostatitis

Acute prostatitis is a bacterial infection of the prostate, caused by ascension of bacteria from the urinary tract, please see section urinary tract infection. Risk factors for acute bacterial prostatitis: intraprostatic reflux, phimosis, anal sex, urinary tract infections, epididymitis, bladder catheterization, prostate biopsy or transurethral resections.

Pathology of Acute Prostatitis

Macroscopic Pathology

Microscopic Pathology

Signs and Symptoms

General complaints:

Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms:

Rectal Examination

Painful prostate exam: prostate of soft consistency, possibly with fluctuation as a sign of a prostate abscess.

Diagnostic Work-Up of Acute Prostatitis

Urine Analysis

Urine Culture

Urine culture usually identifies the pathogen and is mandatory before antibiotic treatment.

Blood culture

Blood culture can identify the pathogen, if a high fever or signs of urosepsis are present.

Blood Tests

Ultrasound Imaging

Urinary retention or residual urine?

Transrectal ultrasound imaging

After initiating the antibiotic treatment, transrectal imaging can be safely performed and may reveal an abscess of the prostate [fig. prostatic abscess]. Alternative imaging: computed tomography.

fig. prostatic abscess

Prostatic abscess (left): hypoechoic area in transrectal ultrasound (TRUS). Center and right: transperineal puncture, advancing a guide wire and drainage of the prostatic abscess

Treatment of Acute Prostatitis

Antibiotic therapy

Until the results of urine culture and blood culture are available, treatment is started with e.g. ofloxacin 200–400 mg p.o. 1-0-1 or ciprofloxacin 500 mg p.o. 1-0-1.

In severe cases, intravenous treatment is started with ampicillin/clavulanic acid 2.2 g 1-1-1 i.v. or cephalosporin i.v. combined with gentamicin 3 mg/kg i.v. 1-0-0.

Duration of Antibiotic Therapy

Antibiotic treatment is given parenterally for 3–7 days. Afterwards, treatment is switched to a full-dose oral antibiotic treatment for 2–4 weeks. Prospective studies of acute prostatitis are lacking.

Symptomatic Treatment

Prostatic Abscess







Index: 1–9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z



References

Benway, B. M. & Moon, T. D.
Bacterial prostatitis.
Urol Clin North Am, 2008, 35, 23-32;


  Deutsche Version: Akute bakterielle Prostatitis